Socrates (469/470-399 bce) was a greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy plato was his most famous student and would teach aristotle who would then tutor alexander the great. The trial and execution of of socrates in athens in 399 bce puzzles historians why, in a society enjoying more freedom and democracy than any the world had ever seen, would a seventy-year-old philosopher be put to death for what he was teaching. Socrates now contends that whether or not he would be ashamed of his running a risk of his death is irrelevant to his concern what concerns him is whether or not he does right, ie, whether it is what a good man does or what a bad man does. It is 399 bce socrates and euthyphro meet by chance outside the court in athens where socrates is about to be tried on charges of corrupting the youth and impiety (or more specifically, not believing in the city's gods and introducing false gods) at his trial, as all of plato's readers would.
The apology of socrates (greek: ἀπολογία σωκράτους, apología sokrátous latin: apologia socratis), by plato, is the socratic dialogue that presents the speech of legal self-defence, which socrates presented at his trial for impiety and corruption, in 399 bc. This is an extremely enjoyable account of the last part of socrates' life, including his trial and execution roberto rossellini gives us a glimpse into socrates' discussions in the marketplace and the political events that lead to the trial. The last days of socrates the apology (defence speech) consists of three speeches made by socrates at his trial before a jury of five hundred or so athenians who had gathered to hear him answer the charges.
The false image of socrates arose because people misunderstood his true activity socrates explains this activity by relating a story about the delphic oracle a friend of socrates' went to the oracle and asked the priestess: who is the wisest of mortals and the priestess replied: socrates is the most wise. Socrates went about his life following his ways, questioning people about their own beliefs, until he was brought to trial by a group of men on the charges of corrupting the youth and impiety when looking at socrates' life, one of the most important and significant quotes from socrates is the unexamined life is not worth living. The trial of socrates: an analysis and construction of socrates defense understanding the decisions made by the jurymen in socrates trial will always be a mystery, but one can perceive why some would have voted the way that they did.
The trial of socrates revolves the accusation that personally he had corrupted youth from athens with his tradition and some point advocated the false worship of the gods in plato's, on the day of the trial, socrates was charged of teaching his students to question everything in a thirst for knowledge. Socrates at the trial, and to explain his puzzling behavior depicted in selected literature the final goal of this study is to demonstrate that socrates does not regard the trial as 1 i have not entered into the question of what happened at the trial of the 'historical' socrates. Plato's apology of socrates purports to be the speech socrates gave at his trial in response to the accusations made against him (greek apologia means defense) its powerful advocacy of the examined life and its condemnation of athenian democracy have made it one of the central documents of western thought and culture. Socrates used his own methods as part of his defense, asking questions of his accusers and questioning their logic his approach is an example of philosophical inquiry and discussion, even in the.
The trial of socrates - in the spring of 399 bce, a man named socrates was put on trial in front of his native athenians facing the charges of not acknowledging the gods the city acknowledges, and introducing other new divinities. The apology, which was written by plato, is undeniably one of the most important writings on socrates' speech that he gave at his trial socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth. His clouds (423 bce) was so instrumental in parodying socrates and painting him as a dangerous intellectual capable of corrupting the entire city that socrates felt compelled in his trial defense to allude to the bad reputation he acquired as a result of the play (plato, apology 18a-b, 19c) aristophanes was much closer in age to socrates. ~fear of life and death is a kind of false wisdom, and he knows disobeying the gods is worst than disobeying humans ~he claims if the court acquits him on the condition that he stops philosophizing, or is banished, or jailed, then he rather die than abandon his duty to apollo.
Lycon may also have blamed socrates for a homosexual relationship between his son, autolycus, and a friend of socrates--three decades older than autolycus--named callias in plato's symposium , socrates, during a dinner party, praises the higher love of callias for the much-younger autolycus. Yet, socrates did not see himself as being wise, so through questioning of others, he realized the basis of the oracle's statement of his wisdom was that he knew that he did not know and so his life mission was, in effect, to prove the oracle's assertion. Nevertheless, socrates insists that, inasmuch as euthyphro has brought a criminal charge against his own father, he must have known the nature of impiety or he would have been unable to decide that his father was guilty of it. Socrates was a great greek philosopher, the source of the socratic method, and known for his sayings about knowing nothing and that the unexamined life is not worth living socrates is not believed to have written any books, but his pupil plato showed socrates' method of instruction in his dialogues.
Socrates first addresses himself to the accusation that he inquires into things below the earth and in the sky (19b)--that is, that he tries to provide physical explanations for matters that are normally considered to be the workings of the gods. Socrates was an athenian philosopher he was born 470 bce and died 399 bce there are only three contemporaries of his whose works about him still survive to this day, their being plato, xenophon (an athenian general), and aristophanes (in his play the clouds, who probably just used to socrates to represent philosophers in general. Socrates himself wrote nothing except some verses of poetry in his final days of which - nothing survives and our - best connection to socrates comes from the works of plato and, to a lesser degree, xenophon.